For the winter of 2021-22 we will be conducting the classroom portion of the program via an online learning course that may be completed by students in advance of the course. We will then conduct a zoom lecture 2 nights before your course covering the classroom portion of the course as well as a short (1-hour) zoom lecture the evening before the course takes place, so that we can discuss the current forecast and make sure our equipment and logistics are dialed in. For students that would prefer to do these lectures in-person you will have the option to participate in an actual classroom in Leavenworth. Online learning will also include quizzes to help you test your retention. You will be able to retake quizzes as needed to understand all the information. We will also have set office hours when you can zoom in and speak with instructors to clarify anything that remains fuzzy in advance of the pre-trip lectures.
The online meeting will run from 6:30-8:30 PM and will be conducted by the field instructors as they prep you to prepare for the terrain, and conditions expected during the field portions of our courses on the weekend. The course is designed to give students a basic understanding of why avalanches occur and to develop a framework for making decisions while traveling in avalanche terrain. We are oddly excited about the opportunity to build in more field time as we have always felt that was the most useful portion of the course for our students.
Additionally the course provides instruction in beacon use and companion rescue should an avalanche occur. Students who successfully complete the course will be given an AIARE level 1 certificate. We also run AIARE Avalanche Rescue Courses and AIARE Level 2 Avalanche Courses for those looking to build on their Level 1 training or enter the AIARE Pro track courses.
Pre-trip Study: You will be sent a link to the online learning component well in advance of the course. This is self-paced and can be completed online. Completion of this materials counts towards 6 hours of your total course time.*
Pre-Trip Orientation: Two days prior to your course you will conduct an evening meeting with our instructors. These meetings will run from 6:30-8:30 pm and will review the online materials, get your ready for your first field day, and give you an opportunity to understand the things that instructors doing in preparation for a day of backcountry travel. This will include a review of the weather forecast, current avalanche forecast, tour plan. You will also be given access to your field instructor the evening before your course to ask questions about the field day or follow up on lecture questions.
Day 1: We begin with a review of the current avalanche forecast, and then we head out for a backcountry tour. During our tour we touch on companion rescue and make observations relevant to our tour and tomorrow's objective. Our goal is to make observations relevant to the avalanche problems we are currently experiencing and help us to anticipate avalanche problems we can expect in the future. We end the day with a short planning session in preparation for the next days full-day tour. (8 AM - 4 PM)
Day 2: This day will utilize different terrain than the area where you toured the day before and will build on our understanding of the current and future snowpack as we undertake a longer tour. Our goal is to have you back to your car and moving towards home by 4 pm. (8am - 4 pm)
- Provide a basic understanding of avalanches
- Describe a framework for decision making and risk management in avalanche terrain
- Focus on identifying the right questions, rather than on providing "answers."
- Give lessons and exercises that are practically oriented, useful, and applicable in the field.
Students can expect to develop a good grounding in how to prepare for and carry out a trip, to understand basic decision making while in the field, and to learn rescue techniques required to find and dig up a buried person (if an avalanche occurs and someone in the party is caught).
A final debrief includes a knowledge quiz to test student comprehension and to give feedback to instructors on instructional tools. Students are encouraged and counseled on how to apply the skills learned and told that no course can fully guarantee safety, either during or after course completion.
At the end of the Level One course the student should be able to:
- Develop a plan for travel in avalanche terrain.
- Demonstrate the ability to identify avalanche terrain.
- Effectively use the AIARE Decision Making Framework to make terrain choices in a group setting
- Demonstrate effective companion rescue.
1. Introduction to the Avalanche Phenomena
- Types and characteristics of avalanches
- Avalanche motion
- Size classification
- The mountain snowpack: an introduction to metamorphism and layering
2. Observations and Information Gathering
- Field observation techniques
- Bonding tests: rutschblock, compression test
- Avalanche danger factors; "Red Flags".
- Observation checklist
- Avalanche danger scale
- Trip Planning and Preparation
- Avalanche terrain recognition, assessment, and selection
- Route finding and travel techniques
- Decision making and Human Factors
- Companion Rescue and Equipment